So You Want to Read About Lowchens

Irene Bilney © 6 January 2010.


Well you have given yourself a challenge. There are a few dedicated writings you may access but for the most part you will need to resort to gleaning from general, social, and specific dog texts. What follows are my incomplete searchings for the Lowchen - as people through the ages have related to the Little Lion Dog and recorded their findings and their feelings in literature for the breed of dog which I adore.


My aim is to help the reader gain a new access with accurate referencing to the rich array of Lowchen information which has accrued over the ages. I also want to newly explore some dimensions of our breed. I hope what I offer whets your appetite to pursue the Lowchen throughout the pages of the past and the library deposits at at your disposal.


Our dogs are regularly called Lowchens, Little Lion Dogs, or sometimes Petit Chien Lion (Morris p. 511). Some oldtimers referred to them as 'Leoninus'. G. Horwitz claims it “is really the better term, for it means in Latin, 'lion-like'.” (in Hutchinson's p. 1152). Throughout the literature they are mentioned for more than their leonine clip and characteristics.


So let's trawl backwards through history and explore the many dimensions of our Lowchens. Some of the material I refer to comes from items which I have collected during the past 23 years of my lowchen-love-affair. In preparing this I regarded any item of Lowchen news which came my way as a gateway to further study. I collected clues from texts and traced the origins of names, works, and dates to discover Lowchen literature and treasures. In the main I discovered most of it in a good reference library (State Library of Victoria) or on the net. So it is may be relatively easy enough to chase up for your further reading – if you are interested. In presenting my findings I shall work from the specific literature about our breed to their mentioning in encyclopaedic publications.


Lowchen in Breed Books


I know of five breed books about Lowchens but have only read two– those available to me.


The best known “Lowchen” book is by Julia Cunliffe (c 2001). At the time of writing it is available from retail outlets – but every time I purchase a copy it needs to be ordered in. This is definitely a useful book - an interest-based, well presented, compilation about our breed in hardcover .

Given captions for illustrations, an accurate index and a good bibliography this monogram may have been elevated to an authoritative text about the breed. Don't get me wrong - all that said - to find a Lowchen book was a sheer delight.


There is a seemingly unprocurable and little-known book by Gini Denninger:- “The Lowchen: the Breed Forgotten by History”. I can't comment about its contents because despite exhaustive attempts I have failed to gain access to this work. I have contacted the author, attempted to purchase a copy, and requested the State Library to arrange a loan of this work through worldwide interlibrary loans. All attempts have failed – so far. It's listed on the website of the American Kennel Club catalogue but the library reported they were unwilling to release it on loan to SLV for my use. From my searching it seems this book is a vanity publication [Ashford] with a plastic comb binding and no date.


Catalogued, also, in the AKC library is “The Lowchen” by Carole Kramer – a work which I do not know (1991).


There is, also, a Finnish-language Lowchen book available through Google Books – World Cat – to me a closed book because it is a Finnish language book. (Palukka et al 2007 ie Petra Palukka Nina Toukoluoto, Minna Toivola, Riitta Maaniemi, and Annikka Verkkoniemi. Helsinki Perhemediat 2007, Series Suomen sousituimmat koirarodut) .


A book of American origin with substantial Australian content is dedicated specifically to “Lowchen Champions 1995-2004” - This is blatantly a boast book. Fifteen years on - I suspect - an update would be timely with a wider canvassing for content and those who by now are “Grand” need listing (Camino c 2005).


Breed Standards for the Lowchen


In the main I left the literature re Breed Standards well alone. Please see the web sites of your own State governing bodies in your dog world if you wish to investigate further.

For our Australian Standard see http://www.ankc.org.au/home/breeds_details

or @ http://www.ankc.aust.com/lowchen.html


I found a couple of published books for the controlling “dog-body” for the UK with Lowchen entries – 1998 and 1989.


1998 Kennel Club's illustrated breed standards: the official guide to registered breeds. London: Kennel Club, 1998. pp, 310-1.


1989 Kennel Club's illustrated breed standards … with a foreword by HRH Prince Michael of Kent. London: Kennel Club, 1998, pp. 310-1.


The 1998 copy records the Lowchen “being registered in Britain for the first time in 1971 and gaining championship status here just five years later” (pp. 310-1). Sorry I don't know what “valuables” may be encompassed in subsequent issues. That was the most recent copy to which I had access.


The 1989 Illustrated Kennel Club of the UK illustrated breed standards gives a standard for Lowchen - faced by a stunning photo. It is listed among the dogs of the Toy ring. There are three illustrations – that photo and interestingly - two “little lions” from long ago are pictured as well (pp. 310-1).


In 2001Gini Denninger wrote a 15 page expose of the breed standard entitled “The Lowchen”. It is on the net at http://www.dogstuff.info/lowchen_profile.html. As you read remember this is an American author 's writing – she is not elaborating on our Australian standard. Bear in mind Yanks and Aussies use different rings to show off their Lowchens.


Lowchens Make History


Guinness is an oft cited reference for extraordinary Lowchen feats. Finding the actual references for these within the Guinness publications became a battle of the books . The Guinness “quotes” were so often referred to and frequently glibly sourced and dated. The quotations proved to be elusively challenging to locate, also, due to publishing permutations for different periods. I am, therefore giving VERY specific citations. There are actually three Guinness Books of interest re Lowchen entries.


The oft repeated claim for “rarity” first appeared in October 1969. It read, “the rarest dog in the world is the Lowchen or the lion dog of which only 40 (32 in Germany and four each in Belgium and Great Britain) were alive in early 1969. The breed was a famous lapdog of the nobility of southern Europe during the Renaissance period.” - and there is a photo of a Lowchen on p. 37 in the 16th ed. of The Guiness Book of Records edited by Norris and Mc Whirter in a Guinness Superlatives published from London. To actually read all about it look up “Animals - Dogs – Rarest”, pp. 37-8).


The “rare” label was still around late into the 1970s. In England, in 1978, an ad to sell Lowchens ran between 17-21st October in the “The Times” claiming them to be “exquisite”and “rare”. “Exquisite” still pertains in my book. (See JSTOR: the Scholarly Journal Archive - data base).

In the “Guiness Book of Records with Australian Supplement” (1979) p.35. See - “Mammals – Dogs – Most Valuable” -[“...a racing greyhound and] Show dogs have, also, fetched extremely high prices, and in July 1976 Mrs Eiselle Banks, of Rayleigh, Essex turned down an American offer of 10,000 [Brit. pounds] for her international champion Lowchen Cluneen Adam Adamant (B. 13 Aug 1969).” (Ed. Norris McWhirter & Sports ED. Stan Greenberg. Middlesex: Guinness Superlatives.


In the “Guinness Book of Pet Records” published in 1984 the Lowchen is referred to as a “living antique”. This Guinness has an entry re the status of Lowchens in 1969 (as in the previous entry) with some additional history of the breed under “Dogs ...Rarest” p. 53.


From a table of “133 breeds” compiled by the editor of the same “Guinness Book of Pet Records” we learn Lowchens have an average life span of 13 years. They have average litters from 3-5, with a maximun of 7. There was no figure recorded for “maximum age”. See Guinness Book of Pet Records Ed Gerald L. Wood. London Guinness Superlatives, 1984. pp. 53.

In 69 “rare” – in 79 “most valuable” – in 87


“First Lowchen companion dog” was achieved by Charlie Brown at Pepperland, USA. You can read about his clever feat in “Dog World” Jan 2006. vol. 91 iss. 9 p. 192 in “The way we were 1987”. by Judith Nelson.


In 2003 the boast of our breed was Pistil Pete – still is - famous for his agility and obedience winning exploits. You can read about his career development to 2003 in “Lowchen roaring onto the American scene ...”, See “The Lowchen character” in Alice Bixler's article in “Dog World” May 2003 vol. 88 iss. 5 p.42.


Seems from as long ago the 18th century a Lowchen is remembered for stealing the limelight. Read about“Bijou, the spunky Lowchen” in Bixler's report. (p. 41).


On the Australian front Paul Dunlop of the “Pakenham Gazette” reported about Australia's first Lowchen CD in “No Nickers Nellie notches title win”. See p. 13 on Wednesday 13 Sept. 2006.


Lowchen Articles


The most recent article is a sad story told last year after the “black Saturday” bushfires in Victoria. The “2 of us” is an interview with two ladies so often referred to as “the twins” in our Lowchen community. Ann and Barbara Hodgson and their Lowchens are well known identities around the rings. (John van Tigge - “The Age”. Good Weekend April 10-12 2009. p. 10).


“Lowchen” is an American article about the breed and it introduces an American aspects of the breed – history- modern times - coming to the States - a breed profile - a notorious breed member – an accomplished breed member - breed health – grooming hits - and addresses the oft repeated question “do they grow like that? Alice Bixler obviously has a soft spot for the little lions she breeds. It was written in 2003 so Pistil Pete has made more history since this article appeared in “Dog World” May 2003 vol. 88 pp. 36-43.


There is a ½ page article - also by Bixler – to which I gained no access. The reference for it is “Dog World” July 1997. vol. 82 iss. 7 p. 181. You may be able to chase it up somewhere.


Just look at the date when Lampson is writing about “A dog that looks like a lion” as “a quaint little foreigner of ancient lineage making a bid for popularity at the present time” – in England. From this we learn of the roles of Mrs Banks and Mrs Stenning for British Lowchens and the tragic trauma of a continental rabies outbreak for English importing. Any suspicion of a oriental past is dispelled. A barbet v bichon origin of the breed is debated. In this article in “Country Life” early writings about the breed are discussed, referenced and dated. Physique, movement, coat and clip are addressed. These dogs were clipped to go “in the water” not a hint about being “bed-bugs” by this journo. Ambitions for conformation showing are muted. New research awaits me after reading this to discover Zoological debates re the breed in 1868 (December 10 1970. London p. 1121).


For this next article you need a URL reference. It is the work of Gini Denninger – a Lowchen breeder and judge in the USA. It offers two stories of geographic origins for the breed, some art and folklore, claims “separate breed “ status, introduces early breeders, tells the Madame Bennert story, followed by that of Dr Rickert, explores the imput of continental breeders in the early 1960s and finishes off with the the tale of the introduction of the breed to the UK in the 1970s. See “Lowchen History” @ http://lowchensaustralia.com/lowchens/breedhistory.htm.


There used to be some information with photographs by Denninger about the short coat/smooth coat Lowchens on the web. Sorry I have failed to locate that for you.


Lowchenworld has a brief article on the short coated Lowchen, which occasionally can be born in litters: “The smooth Lowchen, the hidden Lowchen” by Cath Horn. It may be accessed via: Lowchenworld – Home – articles.


The Lowchen in Cyberspace.


There are web articles by Gini Denninger, of USA, about the Lowchen breed for our reading. She breeds Lowchens, judges, writes and self publishes. Her writings, which are available via the net, include her an expanded breed standard in 2001 entitled 'Lowchen”(see under Standards of the Breed). In her Lowchen History the material has a significant historical content which is developed chronologically. See: The Lowchen” http://www.dogstuff.info/lowchen_profile.html.

See http://www.lowchensaustralia.com/sitemenu.htm for The “Lowchen History”.


I suppose if you are a Lowchen enthusiast you must know of Lowchenworld – but I am going to tell you about it anyway. It is a most useful website dedicated to our Little Lion Dogs. Essentially it is a worldwide memory bank of pedigrees. Every Lowchen enthusiast ought to bookmark this website. Remember - the pedigrees are only as accurate as the person who made each entry. A beaut bonus is that some pedigrees are embellished with photographs. The sight provides links to breeder web sights of the worldwide Lowchen community. Visit “home” to find other useful pages to explore and have a look in “articles” at Cath Horn's article on the shortcoated/smooth Lowchen. All their material is maintained by dedicated volunteers. This site is a Lowchen gateway to the world See: http://www.lowchenworld.com/pedigrees/


It is now with regret that I must write of what used to be. There used to be an absolutely fabulous websight maintained by Lorraine Chippindale of WA with her Chinaroad banner very prominent. It provided a wealth of information principally about Lowchens. The links provided opened a wonderful enriching world for the Lowchen enthusiast and spender (and others). At present the site is maintained but in the past few years the calibre and content of the sight seem to have altered. I don't really know what has wrung these changes but sad to say the richness of that resource have faded. For years I enjoyed what was so generously and authoritatively was offered by Lorraine. See: http://chinaroadlowchens.com/

and

http://www.lowchensaustralia.com/sitemenu.htm


The Beauty of the Lowchen


If you want to know how to groom a Lowchen books are not much help. Four books have some advice to share. For an outlay of about $90 you can buy “All Breed Dog Grooming” – and receive two whole pages with step by step instructions. It wrongly advocates scissoring and is enthusiastic about the use of a slicker brush (pp. 258-9).


For those of us confounded by the doing of a Lowchen's coiffure there is a more helpful photographically-perfected page in Fogle's “New Encyclopaedia of the Dog” showing how a groomed dog needs to be finished off in order to wow a judge (2000 ed., p. 388).


In “Grooming Manual for the Dog and Cat” there is limited advice re giving a pet clip – again you need to balance the worth of outlay v information (p. 216).


A Lowchen in an attractive pet clip is featured in “The Ultimate Guide to Dogs” (25).


An annotated bibliography of Lowchen Literature from 1471 to 2010.


Arranging to present records of Lowchen literature was a sheer joy but I needed to devise a schema in which to shape my collection for you. Initially I have introduced you to the specifically Lowchen references. The rest of the references I located in more general or encyclopaedic literature. From my searching a prolific listing of works was created so I decided, at best, to compile an annotated bibliography for your reference.


Some conventions which may help as you read.

I use 3 dots (…) to show some words are missing. For what are now old books it used to be the practice to give publications very lengthy titles. In abbreviating titles I give sufficient detail for you to find what you want. I use “et al” = “and others” if there are many names. Author's family names are in capitals.


I have arranged the literature by date of publication and arbitrarily decided on three categories in which to chronologically compile the information. My reasons for this arrangement were based on the fact that 1970 saw Lowchen interest begin to flourish beyond continental Europe. Lowchens went to the UK and from there to Ireland, Australia, USA and beyond so publications of 1970 and since I regarded as recent. So recent works are from 1970 to now (January 2010). Anything published in the 100 years prior to 1970 I regarded as rare. Works prior to 1870 I deemed to be antiquities. Then I arranged the entries for the literature in reverse order - from the latest to the most ancient.


Lowchen in the literature of recent items (1970 – 2010 Jan).


Today there is regularly a listing for Lowchen in dog breed encyclopaedias but each writer seems to highlight a different aspect of our dogs.


undated HORN, Cath. “The smooth Lowchen, the hidden Lowchen” See: Lowchenworld – Home – articles.


undated DENNINGER, Gini. The Lowchen: the breed forgotten by history Rochester N.Y.:Ashford [n.d].[Haven't seen this – listed on AKC catalogue].


undated DENNINGER Gini. See http://www.lowchensaustralia.com/sitemenu.htm for The Lowchen history.


undated? Chippindale Lorraine for Chinaroad Lowchens http://chinaroadlowchens.com/


undated ANKC breed standard @ http://www.ankc.org.au/home/breeds_details or


undated ANKC breed standard @ http://www.ankc.aust.com/lowchen.html


undated [former Chinaroad info site] http://lowchensaustralia.com/lowchens/breedhistory.htm

Un dated items


2009 VAN TIGGELEN, John. “2 of us” interviews with Ann and Barbara Hodgson. The Age. Good 2009 Weekend (Interviews by April 10-12 2009. p. 10. [The Twins are well-known identities around the Lowchen rings].


2009 The original dog bible... . 2nd ed. Irvine: Bowtie, 2009, pp. 333-4 . “this is a small square dog. Activity level – low” [not in this house I.B.].


2009 ALDERTON, David. The ultimate guide to dogs. Bath, UK. : Parragon, 2009. p. 25. [½ p. “its Bichon family resemblance is clear”].


2008 LARKIN, Peter and Mike Stockman. The ultimate encyclopedia of dogs … London: Hermes,

2007 c. p. 245 ½ p. “grooming fairly demanding”.


2007 PALUKKA, Petra. Nina Toukoluoto, Minna Toivola, Riitta Maaniemi, and Annikka Verkkoniemi. Helsinki Perhemediat 2007, Series Suomen sousituimmat koirarodut. Finnish language bk. [Haven't seen ].


2007 CONSTANTINO, Maria, and Helen Digby. Complete Dog. Leicester,: Silverdale, 2007. p. 210. 1/2 p. “first registered 1971 … well muscled hind quarters. These are left 'nude' for the show ring.”


2006 DUNLOP, Paul. “No Nickers Nellie notches title win”. Pakenham Gazette. Wed. 13 Sept. 2006. p. 13.


2006 DALLAS, Sue, Diana North and Joanne Angus. Grooming manual for the dog and cat. Oxford: Blackwell 2006. p. 216.


2005 Lowchen champions 1995-2004. Incline Village, NV: Camino. 2005c. [57pp. - comb binding - of American origin with substantial Australian content & photos - an update would be timely].


2003 BIXLER, Alice. “The Lowchen character” in Dog World May 2003 vol 88 Issue 5 p. 42.


2003 BIXLER, Alice. “Lochen” in Dog World May 2003 vol. 88 iss. 5 p. 36-43.


2003 BIXLER, Alice. “Bijou, the spunky Lowchen” in Dog World May 2003 vol ,88 Issue 5 p. 41


2002 MORRIS, Desmond. A dictionary of dog breeds ... North Pomfret, Vt: Trafalgar Square, 2002 p. 496, 511 & 512. See under Service dogs – lists Lowchens among Service Dogs as Household Companions (p 511-2).


2001 DENNIGER, Gini. “The Lowchen” @ http://www.dogstuff.info/lowchen_profile.html.


2001 CUNLIFFE, Juliette. Lowchen. Dorking, Interpret, [n.d], c2001. [useful work - could have been authorative with better bibliographic sourcing].


2000 FOGLE, Bruce. The new encyclopedia of the dog. N.Y.: Dorling Kindersley, 2000. pp. 369 & 388 2000.[v. slight modification of his 1995 ½ page].


1998 The Kennel Club's illustrated breed standard … London: Kennel Club, 1998, pp. 310-1.


1997 BIXLER, Alice. ”Lowchen” in Dog World July 1997. vol. 82 iss. 7 p. 181.


1996 VERHOEF-VERHALLEN, Esther J.J. Dog encyclopedia. Buffalo, N.Y.: Firefly, 1996c, pp. 224-5 . It is pleasing to see the entry “Special skills. Family pet”. Interestingly this plain speaking encyclopaedia originated in the Netherlands (Rebo pubn).and the author writes accurately of traits I recognize in the Lowchens with whom I share my life (pp. 224-5).


1995 YAMASAKI, Tetsu. Legacy of the dog. San Francisco: Chronicle, 1995. p. 286. “used in France for many years as a watch dog... this brave dog makes a good watch dog despite its small size” - ill advice given re “trimming”.


1995 FOGLE, Bruce. The encyclopedia of the dog. Don: Dorling Kindersley, 1995. p. 273 – 1995 - p. 273 - ½ p.


1991 KRAMER, Carole. The Lowchen. Clifton N.J. 1991. [Haven't seen – on AKC catalogue.]


1989 The Kennel Club's Illustrated Breed Standard …forward by HRH Prince Michael of Kent. London: Bodley Head, 1989, pp 310-1..


1987 All breed dog grooming. T.F.H., Neptune NJ [n.d.] 1987c“Lowchen” pp. 258-9. [there may be a more recent ed. of this out I.B.]


1984 Guinness book of pet records. [Dogs -Rarest] ed. Gerald L. Wood. London: Guinness Superlatives, c1984, pp. 26 & 53.


1983 AKC staff. AKC's world of the pure-bred dog: a celebration of the pure-bred dog in America. Ed. Duncan Barnes. N.Y.: Howell, 1983, pp. 274-5.


1979 The Guinness book of records. “Most valuable” 1979 ed. With Australian Supplement, p.35 [See Animal kingdom – mammals – dogs – most valuable].


1978 Oct. 17-21 - “The Times” advertising “Lowchens for sale” - “exquisite” and “rare” (forgot to note date – see JSTOR: the scholarly Journal archive database).


1970 LAMPSON, S.M. “A dog that looks like a lion” in Country Life vol.CXLVII No 3836 December 10 1970. Covent Garden, P.C. Magazines p. 1121.


Lowchen in the literature of rare books (1870 – 1969).


Books in this category are, in the main, from dog-interested authors.


1969 The Guinness book of records “Rarest” pp. 36-7. 16th ed. London : Guinness Superlatives, October 1969 [See Domesticated animals – dogs -rarest].


1964 SCHNEIDER-LEYER, Erich. Dogs of the world...London: Popular Dogs, 1964. (trans. from Ger.)There is a write up about a “The Barking Lion Dog” under” Tibetan breeds – Lhasa Apso or Tibetan Aspo” (pp.128-9 and plate 106) much sounds “familiar” with a couple of glitches re coat texture and body length [but the photo looks nothing like the Apso we see. This one gave me pause to reflect.[I.B].


1934-5 HUTCHINSON, Walter. Hutchinson's dog encyclopaedia … v. 2 London. Hutchinson, 1934-5. see v, 3 Contents p.1994 v. 2 p. 1152 Lion dog by G. Horowitz. “At Continental shows, before the War [WW1], so called “Lion Dogs” were seen, but they were simply bad coloured Maltese with a wavy, instead of a straight, coat, and with lemon markings on white; their owners had clipped the coats so as to make the dogs look “leonine” to enable them to call them “Lion Dogs.” [food for thought? I.B.]


1934 LEIGHTON, Robert. Dogs all about them ... On line – didn't note source or pub details


1915? W. E. MASON. Dogs of all nations … Southport: Panama-Pacific, [1915?] “based on an exposition (1915) … collection of all known breeds” see Ch. Nationality- Chinese [? but gives an entry for the dog we call a Lowchen] on p. 101- Little lion Dog - “The coat is long and wavy but not curly”.


1911? CASSELL'S New book of the dog … v. 2 London Waverley, [1911?]. See Contents p. 623 & p. 537 - The Little Lion Dog. Through World Cat you can read on line via Wisconsin library. “ It is an active, well proportioned dog with a winning disposition, which makes one wonder why it has not become fashionable.”


1911 - LEIGHTON, Robert. The new book of the dog: .. a comprehensive natural history of British dogs and their foreign relatives, with chapters on law, breeding, kennel management, and veterinary treatment. Robert Leighton assisted by eminent authorities on the various breeds. Melbourne, Cassell and Company, Limited, 1911.[See Vol 2. Listed in the index (p. 623) as “Little Lion Dog” p. 537 - ½ page in Ch: Pet foreign dogs - no illustration.] [on screen reader in World Catalogue p. n261– Google Books].[author Robert Leighton date 1911]. “Russia is supposed to be the original home ...the appearance of a lion in miniature... active well proportioned dog,with a winning disposition”


1907 Robert LEIGHTON. The new book of the dog. 1907 London NY: Cassell 1907. Haven't seen – not in a library in Aust.


1905 – BYLANDT, Henri. Dogs of all nations: their varieties, characteristics, points etc. Count Henri de Bylandt. London : Kegan Paul, 1905. See vol 11 “Non-sporting dogs' pp. 731-4. p. 731 Leeuwtje [entries 4 languages eventually 1894/1904]Petit Chien Lion [Fr.], p. 732 Little Lion Dog [Eng] p. 733, Lowenhundchen (Ger.), p.734 Leeuwtje [Dutch].[11 snapshots & 1 line drawing].


1889 – FRIEDRICH, Otto. Des edlen Hundes Aufzucht, Pflege, Dressur und Behandlung seiner Krankheiten; vollständiges Handbuch für jeden Jäger, Hundeliebhaber und Züchter … Zahna, Selbstve des Verfassers. Bk. [Lang. German. Juvenile fict] – still to locate a copy to inspect and get translated.


1876 Petit chien de lion pp. 116-18 Plates 145-9 p. 431. 1876 – Le chien ...: Paris: Rothchild. pp. 143-6 [in French] this little dog which people used to shave to mid body like the Caniche has almost disappeared today” [translated].


1872 PEARIE/PEARCE, Thomas (Idstone). The dog … London,: Cassell, Petter & Galpin, 1872. Didn't inspect this – only available at one of the libraries of the Uni of Newcastle (NSW).


Lowchen in the literature of antiquities (mid 1400s – 1869).


Some of this literature is specifically dog-based but much is to be found within writings about animals and even more broadly in studies about “Nature” generally.


1865 – BERJEAU, Philbert Charles. The varieties of dogs, as they are found in old sculptures, pictures, engravings, and books. With the names of the artists by whom they are represented, showing how long many of the numerous breeds now exiting have been known. London, John Cambden Hotten 1865. See pp 9-11 and pl. 8, 16, 18, 23, 25 35 & title p.


1863 BERJEAU. London Dalau, 1863.


1861? MEYRICK. John. House dogs and sporting dogs ...London: John von Voorst, MDCCCLXI. See Ch. Ix House dogs and toy dogs. P. 76 The lion dog.


1850? RICHARDSON, H.D.. Dogs their origin and varieties …. Dublin: James McGlasham, MDCCCXLVII. See Ch. Ix Water dogs – p. 93 Lion dogs. “ It is a very rare variety and useless”.


1806 LINNE, Charles (Sir). A general system of nature ... translated from Gmelin et al .(7 vols) London: Lackington, Allen. 1806 See vol 1. 15.10 for Lion Dog “very fmall; hair on the belly and tail fhorter. ” [Read f = s (for us nowadays )→ small & shorter ]. His classification of animals is based on teeth [an early “tooth fairy”?] Entry develops Mammalia –> Ferae -> Canis –> Lion Dog.


1798 Le bichon and Le chien in Buffon's – Histoire naturalle. Pub 1798.


1798 Le chien and Le bichon in Buffon's – Histoire naturalle. Pub 1798.


1658 GESSNER, Konrad (1516-1565) contributed to Topsell's The history of four footed beasts ...


1658 TOPSELL's history of four-footed beasts and serpents [modern name], London: E. Cotes for G. Sawbridge [et al] For Illustration see table of contents – dog in general – p. 47 – p. 108 – line drawing - illustration of 4 hounds with a Lowchen in the foreground. Copyright for online University of Houston. [I entered thru' Trove – National Lib. Of Aust service I.B.]. Topsell (1572-1625?) Subject pre-Linnean Zoology. Topsell 1572-1625).

* Just look at this – way back then - Topsell's history of four footed beasts and serpents (1572-1625?) - see table of contents – dog in general – p. 47 – p. 108 – illustration – a line drawing of 4 hounds with a Lowchen in the foreground. [I entered thru' Trove – National Lib. of Aust service I.B.].


1575 “AMMON, Joft in his very curious book on hunting, entitled, Kunstliche wohlergisene neu Figuren von allerlai Jagt Kunst. F.furt 1592 4to”. (See Berjeau,1865 pl. 35& p.11).


1560 HOFFER. J. See Berjeau,1865 pl. 35 (2)).


1518 “BURGKMAIR in the triumph of Maxmillian” (See Berjeau,1865 pl. 23 & p.10).


1507 Urs GRAF aka Gamperlein in Passion “printed by Knoblouch, Strasburg” (See Berjeau,1865 pl. 25 & p. 10).


1494 Bergman VON HOLPE in the fifth edition of Stultifer Navis (See Berjeau,1865 pl. 8 & pp.8-9).


1471-1528 Albert [Albretch] DURER (See Berjeau,1865 title p. & pl. 18 & p.9)


Conclusion

I discovered a vast array of Lowchen sources in hard copy and online publications which I have explored. As I have successfully researched literature references to Lowchen for the past 569 years - from1440 to 2009 - I am bold to say if the Lowchen was in literature by 1440 – the Lowchen, certainly, had to be “on the ground” and in existence prior to that date. I therefore conclude that Lowchens have been with us for possibly 600 years. Access is available to all this material – and more - from a good library and a home computer. All I can say to you is – set aside adequate time to read and research - “Go! Fetch!”and indulge in the sheer delight of learning about your favourite dog – the Lowchen. May good health, kind ownership, responsible breed management, love, and good fun be the lot of every little Lowchen. Long live our lovely Lowchens.


Researched, compiled and presented by Irene Bilney 6-0-2010.



So you want to search for Lowchens


Forgive what I have failed to forage from the pages and the ages. I've made a little list – hoping nothing will be missed – for my future searches. Please excuse the mistakes I, no doubt, have failed to find in my proof reading. I hope you have enjoyed what I have arranged to place within your grasp. Why not embark on your own pilgrimage and delve into art, literature and extract more Lowchens from the past for our present indulgence. Together we may develop a more complete and richer deposition of Lowchen lore - in the spirit of our shared love of our Little Lion Dogs – the Lowchen.


Here are a few tips to help you begin your trek

Firstly know - it takes time and patience. Here are a few clues in case you want to go about finding “little lions” for yourself – in Australia -a mission delivered into your safekeeping for the love of the Lowchen.

1. Go to a good reference library.

  1. Apply for a membership card.

  2. Search the catalogue. It may refer you to Trove – which allows access to rare items.

  3. Use the databases. Some databases allow access from home if you are a “member” instead of a “guest” patron.

  4. Never forget to ask the “super sleuths” who work in the library. Librarians and technicians know how to use library “tools” and most are delighted to demonstrate their skills for your benefit. Some information may cost for the library staff to retrieve it from elsewhere.

  5. Use their knowledge - and thank them.

  6. Finally there's the web on your home computer. Try Google's additional fields of “images” or “more” or “books” or “scholar”. “World Cat” - is useful for access to overseas, older, rare and online publications .

  7. As you research organize your information and accurately record where everything comes from. Remember you gained knowledge because (hopefully) previous writers wrote references into their publications and told you how and from whom they gained their knowledge. I urge you to just think about this in the following terms. In the dog world a breeder is outraged if kennel breeding “lines” are compromised. To my way of thinking a writer is equally entitled to displeasure if his/her “authorial lines” of research, scholarship and writing are denied legitimate credit when used in subsequent compilations. In researching for this material some scant references from previous writers presented a substantial challenge to track down. I hope to have to redressed some of that sourcing shortfall in what I have made available to you. Please always cherish the sanctity of a Lowchen “line”. Remember a line - is a line - is a line - in pup and in print.

  8. I hope you now have incentive to dabble in some doggie research – and can imagine a method towards potential authorship.

  9. Write for us and share your Lowchen learnings. I'm wanting to read it. I'm waiting to read it.


Now I am saying “over to you” to try to complete the picture for our lovely breed. If you succeed I would just love to hear about your good fortune and clever work. I hope you have enjoyed this access to Lowchens in Literature. May the luck of the Lowchen go with you.

Irene Bilney January 2010.


What's she talking about?


In my reading about Lowchens the names of the same people and same work names cropped up and confused me – so often there were variants. So I tried to sort out just who and what I was reading - and compiled the following list as an aid to my better understanding

Hunde der Wett. See Dogs of the world by Schneider-Leyer.

Leyer See Schneider-Leyer. Dogs of the world / Hunde der Wett.

Buffon, Georges Louis Leclare, comte de (1707-17880) - Histoire naturalle ...

Carl von Linne (1707- 1778) see 1806 Charles Linne (Sir).

Gessner Conrad/Konrad/Conradus - ( 1555 ?) – he has writings in Topsell's history of four-footed beasts ...(1658)

Gmelin, Johann Friedrich (1745-1804 contributed to – Charles/Carl Linne's “General system of nature … the animal kingdom … (see title p.). This book includes a translation of work by Gmelin.

Histories animalium = Topsell's history of four footed beasts ... accessed thru Trove.

Horowwitz, G. author of the lion dog entry in Hutchinson.

Idstone (see Pearce)/Pearie

Idstone / Pearie / Pearce, Thomas. The dog ...1872.

Idstone see Pearie

Leighton, Robert et al. An author of Cassell's new book of the dog. See Cassell but also a prolific author with other books – so need to have date accurate..

Linne, Carl von / aka Charles Linne.

New Book of the dog generally referred to as Cassell's new book of the dog. Author Robert Leighton et al. See Cassell.

Pearce/Pearie/Idstone, Thomas. The dog ...1872.

Pearie/ Pearce/Idstone,Thomas. The dog ...1872.

Topsel/Topsell.

Von Bylandt, Henri see Bylandt, Count Henry also referred to as Count Henry A. Graaf von Bylandt


So You Want to Read About Lowchen: Lowchens I discovered in Literature

© 6 January 2010.

Irene Bilney 24 March 2010

Ibapaws: the home of obedient Lowchen

My Lowchens love to play and obey

[email protected]


 


Contact Details

Irene Bilney
Richmond 3121, VIC, Australia
Phone : 03 94281201
Email : [email protected]